American Cinema

Страница 1

The contents

Introduction. 2

American Cinema. 3

The earliest history of film. 4

The earliest movie theatres. 4

The growth of the film industry. 5

Popcorn. 7

The Oscar. 7

Hollywood. 7

Beverly Hills. 9

The major film genres. 9

Film Companies. 10

Film Directors and Producers. 10

Films. 12

Actors and Actresses. 12

Marilyn Monroe. 16

Walt Disney. 18

Titanic. 19

Literature. 20

Vocabularly. 21

Introduction.

I’m a cinema goer. And also I like watching films on TV or video. But I think, that watching a good film is the best relaxation. It is thought-provoking and entertaining. Now a growing number of people prefer watching films on TV to attending cinemas. There are wonderful comedies, love stories, science fiction, horror films, detective stories, and historical films on. There’s a variety of films available today. It is difficult to live without cinema. One fact is clear for everyone: cinema makes our life better. Cinema helps us to forget different problems. When people watch films, they have a rest. Some films take people into another world. I think it is a pure world, where usual problems do not even exist. Cinema is a great power, it helps us to understand our complex well. Cinema can leave nobody indifferent. It is so powerful that it provokes complex feelings. We meet a lot of people. Everyone has his own opinion about something and like most of us I have my own opinion too, for example, about cinema. Cinema is a necessary and important part of my life. It is my essence, my mode of life and my happiness. Cinema helps me to cope with difficulties and with incorrigible problems. So that’s why I have chosen the topic ‘Cinema’. American Cinema

The world of American cinema is so far-reaching a topic that it deserves, and often receives, volumes of its own. Hollywood (in Los Angeles, California), of course, imme­diately comes to mind, as do the many great directors, actors and actresses it continues to attract and produce. But then, one also thinks of the many independent studios throughout the country, the educational and documentary series and films, the socially-relevant tradition in cinema, and the film departments of universities, such as the University of Southern California (USC), the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) or New York University.

For over 50 years, American films have continued to grow in popularity through­out the world. Television has only increased this popularity.

The great blockbusters of film entertain­ment that stretch from "Gone with the Wind" to "Star Wars" receive the most at­tention. A look at the prizes awarded at the leading international film festivals will also demonstrate that as an art form, the Amer­ican film continues to enjoy-considerable prestige. Even when the theme is serious or, as they say, "meaningful", American films remain "popular". In the past dec­ade, films which treated the danger of nu­clear power and weapons, alcoholism, di­vorce, inner-city blight, .the effects of slav­ery, the plight of Native Americans, pover­ty and immigration have all received awards and international recognition. And, at the same time, they have done well at the box-office.

Movies (films), including those on video-cassettes, remain the most popular art form in the USA. A book with 20,000 readers is considered to be a best-seller. A hit play may be seen by a few thousand theatergo­ers. By contrast, about a billion movie tickets are sold at movie houses across the USA every year.

There are three main varieties of movie theaters in the USA: 1) the "first-run" movie houses, which show new films; 2) "art thea­ters", which specialize in showing foreign films and revivals; 3) "neighborhood thea­ters", which run films — sometimes two at a time — after the "first-run" houses.

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