Hight medical course

Страница 1

Medical school education (training) is free and the course of training lasts 6 years. The first 2 years provide a broad programme of general education in basic subjects such as Anatomy, Physiology, Histology and medical Latin. Instruction takes place in lecture and seminars, with most time spent in the latter. Examinations are both oral and written. Stu­dents do not see patients at this time, but many students believe that they should see patients earlier.

Course work includes manу no medical subjects, such as history of the 20th century, philosophy and ethics, political economy, atheism and religion - “paramedical” subjects such as chemistry, physics and mathematics. So the main aim of the first stage of the medical trainings to provide a broad and solid foundation for professional knowledge.

The third through fifth years are called the Senior Course. During the third year students study pathology, pharmacology general surgery and surgical anatomy. In the latter, students learn to perform three basic operations - appendectomy, tracheotomy, and correction for ectcopic pregnancy - on cadavers .In the 4 year – long course of propedentical of eliciting them diagnosis, and theoretical aspects of pathology. The course also includes subjects such as physician's ethics and deontology. The latter is concerned with how and when to communicate critical information to patients. Clinical practice is begun during the Senior Course Croups of 10 or fewer students accompany a professor examining patients. Students gather anamnesis, perform physical examination, observe instrumental diagnostic procedures and treatment, and analyze laboratory data under their professors’ supervision. Students are evaluated by their ability to write a case history, to logically construct a diagnosis and by oral examination.

In the fourth and fifth years students receive more specialized training in genetics and otolaryngology. Since the main goal of all instruction is to train general practitioners, the lectures are problem oriented and use a clinical syndrome approach.

Summers are spent training in practical settings.

The sixth year future doctors are no longer called students, but "subordinates", who work and study in different departments under professors' supervision, have night duties twice a month, and attend grand rounds and lectures. The practice of medicine is based on the “three whales” (therapy internal medicine, surgery and midwifery genecology); most students do their subordinature, and eventually practice, in one of these areas. Students with specialized interests can pursue them by participating in specialty organizations. For example, future neurologists can join a student scientific society organized by the department of nervous diseases. At meetings, students analyze difficult neurological cases with respect to diagnosis and treatment. Under the leadership of professors, I students can take part in surgery and night duties, carry on scientificу and experimental work, end present reports on their research at f conferences, the best of which are published in the local or national scientific press.

After graduation, most students enter internship at local hospitals in primary care areas such as general surgery and internal medicine. Internship lasts only year and qualifies the physician to practice. Students with the grades may attempt to enter a specialty by applying for a 3-year residency at a teaching institution. Those who enter residencies often became leaders in their fields.

Высший Медицинский Курс.

Медицинское школьное образование (обучение) свободно, и курс обучения продолжается 6 лет. Первые 2 года обеспечивают широкую программу общего образования по основным предметам типа Анатомии, Физиология, Histology и медицинский Латинский. instruction имеет место в лекции и семинарах, с большинством времени, потраченного в последнем. Экспертизы являются, и устными и письменными. Студенты не видят пациентов в это время, но много студентов полагают, что они должны видеть пациентов ранее.

Работа Курса не включает manу никакие медицинские предметы, типа истории от 20-ого столетия, философии и этики, политической экономики(экономии), атеизма и религии - "paramedical" предметы типа химии, физики и математики. Так главная цель первой стадии медицинских обучения обеспечивать широкую и твердую основу для профессионального знания.

Треть через пятые годы называется Старшим Курсом. В течение третьих студентов года изучают патологию, операционную(хирургию) генерала фармакологии и хирургическую анатомию. В последнем, студенты учатся, чтобы исполнить три основных действия - appendectomy, tracheotomy, и исправление для ectcopic беременности - на трупах .In 4-летний - длинный курс propedentical выявления их диагноз, и теоретические аспекты патологии. Курс также включает предметы типа этики врача и этики. Последний заинтересован(обеспокоен) как и когда сообщить критическую информацию пациентам. Клиническая практика начата в течение Старших Крупов Курса 10, или меньшее количество студентов сопровождает профессора, исследующего пациентов. Студенты собирают воспоминание, исполняют физическую экспертизу, наблюдают(соблюдают) инструментальные диагностические процедуры и обработку(лечение), и анализируют лабораторные данные при наблюдении их профессоров. Студенты оценены их способностью писать историю случая, логически строить диагноз и устной экспертизой.

Перейти на страницу номер:
 1  2 
Скачать реферат Скачать реферат


Реклама

Разделы сайта

Последние рефераты