Countries and cities

Страница 2

There are many stadiums in Moscow. The Central Stadium is in Luzhniki. Many competitions and football matches are held there.

The Olympic village was built for the 22nd Olympic Games in Moscow in 1980. It is a big complex for sport games.

MOSCOW

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Moscow is the capital of our country. Moscow was founded in 1147 by Prince Yuri Dolgorukyi. Now Moscow has become the largest political, economic and administrative centre of the country. It is one of the world's cultural, scientific and art centres.

Moscow is situated on both sides of the Moskva river. The heart of Moscow is Red Square and the Kremlin. The highest towers of the Kremlin are crowned with ruby stars. The main and tallest of the Kremlin towers is the Spasskaya tower. People all over the country listen to the Kremlin Chimes on the Spasskaya Tower. The Bell Towers of Ivan the Great built in the 15th century have twenty-two large bells and over thirty small ones. Thousands of tourists admire the majestic beauty of the red-brick walls and towers of the Kremlin, the fantastic beauty of St.Basil's Cathedral, a masterpiece of ancient Russian architecture. In front of the Cathedral there's a monument to Minin and Pozharsky. The cathedrals, palaces and buildings of the Kremlin are remarkable museums containing unique col­lections of rare things.

In fact, Moscow is famous all over the world for its museums and galleries. Among them most well-known is the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts which houses a wonderful collection of world painting and sculpture and the Tretyakov Picture gallery with its mastespieces of Russian pictorial art. In Moscow there are a lot of exhibition halls, palaces of culture, libraries and theatres. Among the world famous Bolshoi Theatre, Taganka Theatre, The Kremlin Theatre and others are numerous studioes and amateur theatres which have gained popularity among the spectators. Many tourists enjoy the magnificent building of the University which is situated on the Lenin Hills. The Moscow Metro is not only a comfortable, rapid and economic means of travelling but also one of the tourists' attrac­tions. It's rightly considered to be the most beautiful in the world.

THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND

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The United Kingdom is situated in the north­west coast of Europe between the Atlantic Ocean on the north and north-west and the North Sea on the east.

The U.K. includes Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Great Britain, the largest island in Europe, contains England, Scotland and Wales.

The United Kingdom has an area of 94,249 square miles. The capital of the country is London. English is the official language.

The population of the U.K. is nearly 60 million people. The population lives mostly in towns and cities and their suburbs. Four out of every five people live in towns. Over 46 million people live in England. Over 3 million - in Wales. A little over 5 million - in Scotland. About 1,5 million in Northern Ireland. London's population is over 7 million people. The British nation consists of the English, the Scots, the Welsh and the Irish. There are many people of all colours and races in the United Kingdom.

The climate of Great Britain is mild. It is not too hot in summer or too cold in winter. It often rains in England. Rain falls in summer and in winter, in autumn and in spring. Snow falls only in the North and West of the country. The surface of England and Ireland is flat, but Scotland and Wales are mountainous. Many parts of the country have beautiful villages. There are many rivers in Great Britain. The main river is the Thames. Many ships and barges go up and down the river. The longest river is Severn. It is 350 kilometres long.

There are many universities, colleges, libraries, museums and theatres in the country. The most famous universities are Cambridge University, Oxford University, Glasgow University.

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